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Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Joke-image: When you ask an engineer. MAC - IP Address


Monday, February 29, 2016

Read a BGP live stream from CAIDA

Objective
  Read a BGP live stream from CAIDA and insert them into a BGP session

What do we need
  bgpreader from the bgpstream core package provided by Caida
  bgp_simple.pl obtained in github

Overview
  We will read the BGP live stream feed using bgpreader, then the standard output of it will be redirected to a pipe file (mkfifo) where a perl script called bgpsimple will be reading this file. This very same script will established the BGP session against a BGP speaker and announce the prefixes received in the stream.

LAB Topology
  The configuration was already tested in Cisco & Quagga
  The BGP Speaker (Cisco/Quagga) has the IPv4 address 192.168.1.1
  The BGP Simple Linux box has the IP 192.168.1.2

How does it works?
  bgpreader has the ability to write his output in the -m format used by libbgpdump (by RIPENCC), this is the very same format bgpsimple uses as stdin. That's why myroutes is a PIPE file (created with mkfifo).

Steps:  

INSTALL BGP READER - UBUNTU 15.04

First install general some packages:
apt-get install apt-file libsqlite3-dev libsqlite3 libmysqlclient-dev libmysqlclient
apt-get install libcurl-dev libcurl  autoconf git libssl-dev
apt-get install build-essential zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev
apt-get install libtool git
apt-get install zlib1g-dev

Also intall wandio
wandio-1.0.3
git clone https://github.com/alistairking/wandio

./configure

cd wandio
./bootstrap.sh
./configure && ./make && ./make install
wandiocat http://www.apple.com/library/test/success.html

to test wandio:
wandiocat http://www.apple.com/library/test/success.html

Download bgp reader tarball from:
https://bgpstream.caida.org/download

#ldconfig (before testing)

#mkfifo myroutes

to test bgpreader:
./bgpreader -p caida-bmp -w 1453912260 -m
(wait some seconds and then you will see something)

# git clone https://github.com/xdel/bgpsimple


Finally run everything
In two separate terminals (or any other way you would like to do it):

./bgpreader -p caida-bmp -w 1453912260 -m > /usr/src/bgpsimple/myroutes
./bgp_simple.pl -myas 65000 -myip 192.168.1.2 -peerip 192.168.1.1 -peeras 65000 -p myroutes

One more time, what will happen behind this?
bgpreader will read an online feed from a project called caida-bmp with starting timestamp 1453912260 (Jan 27 2016, 16:31) in "-m" format, It means a libbgpdump format (see references). The stardard output of all this will be send to the file /usr/src/bgpsimple/myroutes which is a "pipe file". At the same time, bgp_simple.pl will create an iBGP session againts peer 192.168.1.1/AS65000 (a bgp speaker such as Quagga or Cisco). bgp_simple.pl will read myroutes files and send what it seems in this file thru the iBGP Session.

Important information
- The BGP Session won't be established until there is something in the file myroutes
- eBGP multi-hop session are allowed
- You have to wait short time (few seconds) until bgpreaders start to actually see something and bgp_simple.pl starts to announce to the BGP peer

References / More information:
-Part of the work was based on:
http://evilrouters.net/2009/08/21/getting-bgp-routes-into-dynamips-with-video/

- Caida BGP Stream:
https://bgpstream.caida.org/

- bgpreader info:
https://bgpstream.caida.org/docs/tools/bgpreader

- RIPE NCC libbgpdump:
http://www.ris.ripe.net/source/bgpdump/

- Introduction of "Named Pipes" (pipe files in Linux):
http://www.linuxjournal.com/article/2156

Wednesday, February 17, 2016

Animation: The sad tale of the ISP that did not deploy IPv6


Hello,
  The following animation is based on the story called: "The sad tale of the ISP that didn't deploy IPv6" [1]. Hope you enjoy it:


[1] http://portalipv6.lacnic.net/en/the-sad-tale-of-the-isp-that-didnt-deploy-ipv6/

Friday, January 1, 2016

Virtualbox in Windows. Bridge adapter + IPv6 not working

Introduction:
  When trying to use IPv6 in Virtualbox inside a guest where the adapter is bridge to the wireless interface of the host, the VM does SLAAC correctly but HTTP or ping6 does not work.

Solution:
  To solve this issue just reinstall/repair your current Virtualbox instalattion (version 5) adding the following parameters to the installer: "-Win.exe -msiparams NETWORKTYPE=NDIS5"

The result would be something like:

G:\>VirtualBox-5.0.12-104815-Win.exe -msiparams NETWORKTYPE=NDIS5

So, you cannot double click on the installer, you need to do it from command line with admin privileges.

Workaround:
  The problem is only with the bridging to the wireless adapter, you, if possible, you could bridge to a non-wireless interface and IPv6 should work perfectly.

References:
https://www.virtualbox.org/ticket/14457

Good luck,